Google doesn't mention having a DPO but has a privacy dedicated help center which contact is available on its website: https://support.google.com/policies/answer/9581826?hl=en&visit_id=637842217867882507-4117401368&rd=1
Regarding cloud & website: https://policies.google.com/privacy
This policy however covers a broad scope that includes various Google applications and services (including Analytics), that makes it difficult to apprehend for both controllers and data subjects.
Google has cloud servers all over the world but (except for the US) doesn’t specify in which countries.
Personal data is transferred outside the European Union whether this transfers are based on Adequacy decisions of the European Commission or Standard contractual clauses (SCCs).
However, SCCs have been deemed insufficient when transferring personal data to US servers by the European Court of Justice. This entails the necessity for complementary data protection measures. However, the French Data Protection Authority (CNIL) has considered complementary measures put in place by Google (User ID pseudonymisation, IP addresses anonymisation, etc.) not efficient enough for data protection against intelligence agencies.
Subcontractors are subjects to written agreements substantially similar to Google’s DPA: https://business.safety.google/intl/en/adsprocessorterms/
Google has made public its list of subprocessors:
Before onboarding subprocessors, Google conducts an audit of the security and privacy practices of subprocessors to ensure they provide a level of security and privacy appropriate to their access to data and the scope of the services they are engaged to provide.
30 days prior to modifying the list of subprocessors, the controller will be notified by email and is able to object by terminating the contract.
If Google becomes aware of a Data Incident, Google will notify controllers promptly and without undue delay; and promptly take reasonable steps to minimise harm and secure personal data. Google will deliver its notification by email, phone call or an in-person meeting.
Rights of deletion and portability can be fulfilled by the controllers directly through the SaaS.
If Google receives a request from a data subject, controllers authorize Google to answer directly to the data subject’s request or to advise the data subject to submit their request to the appropriate controller.
Google commits to assist controllers in fulfilling their obligations to respond to requests for exercising the data subject’s rights.
Google assists controllers in ensuring compliance with their obligations in respect of DPIAs and prior consultation.
Google ensures all persons authorised to process personal data have committed themselves to confidentiality or are under an appropriate statutory obligation of confidentiality.
Google has obtained and maintained an ISO 27001 certification, for which a security policy is necessary.
Cloud security relying on Google Cloud (on-site security operations, formal physical access procedures, CCTV, biometric controls, etc.)
Backup redundancy, code review, business continuity plan, data encryption, intrusion detection controls, incident monitoring, employee security trainings, user authentication (strong passwords, 2-factor authentication), authorization management, data pseudonymisation (user ID).
Data encryption in transit (HTTPS) and at rest (AES256).
Access to data by employees, contractors, and subcontractors is limited by strict access controls (authentication procedures, SSL, and security logs), restricting access only to authorized users.
Google shares personal data between its multiple service platforms (Adsense, etc.).
Concerning third parties, Google states it will not use or disclose any confidential information belonging to controllers without their prior written consent, except to fulfill its obligations under this Agreement or as required by law, regulation or court order.
NO, by default Google collects cookies and therefore visitors’ consent is necessary.
YES, even though Google offers an anonymisation option for IP addresses that can be activated by controllers, other personal data is still transferred on US servers by default (user ID, cookies).
Also, Google publishes a Transparency Report which is a list of demands based on FISA made by intelligence agencies: